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What You Need to Know About Astm D 1143 07.pdf and Deep Foundation Testing



What is Astm D 1143 07.pdf and why you need it




If you are involved in the design, construction, or testing of deep foundations, you may have heard of Astm D 1143 07.pdf. But what is it exactly and why do you need it? In this article, we will explain what Astm D 1143 07.pdf is, how it can help you test deep foundations under static axial compressive load, how to get it for free, and how to use it effectively.




Free Astm D 1143 07.pdf



Astm D 1143 07.pdf: A standard for testing deep foundations under static axial compressive load




Astm D 1143 07.pdf is a document that contains the standard test methods for deep foundations under static axial compressive load. It was issued by ASTM International, an organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus standards for various materials, products, systems, and services. Astm D 1143 07.pdf was first approved in 1950 and has been revised several times since then. The latest edition was published in April 2007.


Astm D 1143 07.pdf provides minimum requirements for testing deep foundations under static axial compressive load. It applies to all types of deep foundations that function in a manner similar to driven piles or cast-in-place piles, regardless of their method of installation. It also covers testing single piles or pile groups. The test results may not represent the long-term performance of a deep foundation, but they can provide useful information for assessing its capacity, load response, deflection, side shear resistance, end bearing, and creep settlement.


What are deep foundations and how are they tested




Deep foundations are structural elements that transfer loads from a structure to a deeper layer of soil or rock that has sufficient bearing capacity and stiffness. Deep foundations are used when the shallow soil layers are weak, compressible, or unstable, or when the structure requires a large load-carrying capacity or resistance to lateral forces.


Some examples of deep foundations are piles, drilled shafts, caissons, micropiles, helical piles, and piers. Depending on their shape, size, material, installation method, and loading condition, deep foundations can be classified into different types.


Types of deep foundations and their applications




TypeDescriptionApplication


PilesCylindrical or tapered elements that are driven or jacked into the groundUsed for supporting bridges, buildings, offshore structures, retaining walls, etc.


Drilled shaftsCylindrical elements that are constructed by drilling a hole in the ground and filling it with concreteUsed for supporting bridges, buildings, towers, dams, etc.


CaissonsLarge-diameter drilled shafts that are constructed under water or in wet soil conditionsUsed for supporting bridges, piers, docks, offshore structures, etc.


MicropilesSmall-diameter drilled shafts that are reinforced with steel bars or pipesUsed for strengthening existing foundations, stabilizing slopes, supporting retaining walls, etc.


Helical pilesPiles that have one or more helical plates attached to their shaftsUsed for supporting lightweight structures, solar panels, signs, etc.


PiersVertical columns that are constructed by excavating a shaft in the ground and filling it with concrete or masonryUsed for supporting bridges, buildings, monuments, etc.


Test methods and procedures for deep foundations




To test the performance of deep foundations under static axial compressive load, Astm D 1143 07.pdf allows the following test procedures:


  • Procedure A: Quick Test - A simple test that loads the foundation relatively quickly as load is increased.



  • Procedure B: Maintained Test - A test that loads the foundation in larger increments and for longer intervals.



  • Procedure C: Loading in Excess of Maintained Test - A test that loads the foundation beyond the maximum load reached in Procedure B.



  • Procedure D: Constant Time Interval Test - A test that loads the foundation at constant time intervals regardless of load increments.



  • Procedure E: Constant Rate of Penetration Test - A test that loads the foundation at a constant rate of penetration regardless of load increments.



  • Procedure F: Constant Movement Increment Test - A test that loads the foundation at constant movement increments regardless of load increments.



  • Procedure G: Cyclic Loading Test - A test that loads the foundation cyclically with varying load levels and durations.



Benefits and limitations of Astm D 1143 07.pdf




Astm D 1143 07.pdf has several benefits and limitations as a standard for testing deep foundations under static axial compressive load. Some of them are:


  • Astm D 1143 07.pdf provides minimum requirements and procedures for testing deep foundations under static axial compressive load. It does not specify design criteria or interpretation methods for the test results. The engineer in charge of the foundation design should approve any deviations or additions to the requirements of Astm D 1143 07.pdf.



  • Astm D 1143 07.pdf applies to all types of deep foundations that function in a manner similar to driven piles or cast-in-place piles. However, it does not cover other types of deep foundations such as grouted anchors, soil nails, or ground improvement techniques.



  • Astm D 1143 07.pdf allows different test procedures that may produce different load-displacement curves. The engineer should select the most appropriate test procedure based on the objectives, scope, and budget of the test program. The engineer should also consider the effects of factors such as soil conditions, loading rate, creep, and consolidation on the test results.



  • Astm D 1143 07.pdf provides useful information for assessing the capacity, load response, deflection, side shear resistance, end bearing, and creep settlement of deep foundations under static axial compressive load. However, it does not provide information on other aspects such as lateral resistance, torsional resistance, dynamic response, or long-term performance of deep foundations.



How to get Astm D 1143 07.pdf for free




If you want to get Astm D 1143 07.pdf for free, you have two options: download it from the official website or download it from third-party sources. Each option has its advantages and disadvantages, as we will explain below.


Download from official website




The official website of ASTM International is www.astm.org. Here, you can find all the standards published by ASTM International, including Astm D 1143 07.pdf. However, to download Astm D 1143 07.pdf from the official website, you need to pay a fee or subscribe to a membership plan. The fee varies depending on the type and format of the document you want to download. For example, as of May 2021 the fee for downloading Astm D 1143 07.pdf as a PDF file is $58 USD.


Steps to download and access Astm D 1143 07 .pdf from the official website




  • Go to www.astm.org and click on "Standards and Publications".



  • Enter "D 1143" in the search box and click on "Search".



  • Select "D 1143/D 1143M - 07(2013)" from the list of results.



  • Click on "Buy Standard (PDF)" and choose your preferred format and language.



  • Add the item to your cart and proceed to checkout.



  • Enter your payment details and confirm your order.



  • Download the Astm D 1143 07.pdf file from your account or email.



Advantages and disadvantages of downloading from official website




Downloading Astm D 1143 07.pdf from the official website has some advantages and disadvantages, such as:


  • Advantages: You get the most accurate, reliable, and up-to-date version of the standard. You also get access to other related standards and publications from ASTM International.



  • Disadvantages: You have to pay a fee or subscribe to a membership plan to download the standard. You may also need to create an account and provide personal information to complete your order.



Download from third-party sources




If you don't want to pay or subscribe to download Astm D 1143 07.pdf from the official website, you can try to find it from third-party sources. These are websites or platforms that offer free or low-cost access to various standards and documents. However, you should be careful when using third-party sources, as they may not be authorized, secure, or trustworthy.


Examples of third-party sources and their reliability




Some examples of third-party sources that claim to offer free or low-cost access to Astm D 1143 07.pdf are:


  • Free Standards Download: This is a website that provides free downloads of various standards, including Astm D 1143 07.pdf. However, the quality and authenticity of the documents are not guaranteed. The website also contains many ads and pop-ups that may be annoying or harmful.



  • Reading Room: This is a service provided by ASTM International that allows you to view and read ASTM safety standards incorporated in United States regulations. However, you cannot print or download the standards. You also need to make sure that the version and year-date of the standard you are viewing are the ones you need.



  • YouTube: This is a video-sharing platform that may have tutorials or guides on how to download Astm D 1143 07.pdf for free. However, the videos may not be accurate, updated, or legal. They may also contain links to malicious or fraudulent websites.



Advantages and disadvantages of downloading from third-party sources




Downloading Astm D 1143 07.pdf from third-party sources has some advantages and disadvantages, such as:


  • Advantages: You may be able to get Astm D 1143 07.pdf for free or at a lower cost than from the official website. You may also find other useful resources or information related to the standard.



  • Disadvantages: You may not get the correct, complete, or current version of the standard. You may also expose your device or data to viruses, malware, or phishing attacks. You may also violate the intellectual property rights of ASTM International or other parties.



How to use Astm D 1143 07.pdf effectively




Once you have downloaded Astm D 1143 07.pdf, you need to know how to use it effectively. Astm D 1143 07.pdf is a technical document that contains detailed information on test methods and procedures for deep foundations under static axial compressive load. To use it effectively, you need to follow some tips and best practices, as well as avoid some common mistakes and pitfalls.


Tips and best practices for using Astm D 1143 07.pdf




Some tips and best practices for using Astm D 1143 07.pdf are:


  • Read the scope, significance, use, terminology, apparatus, safety precautions, calibration, sampling, test specimens, procedure, calculations, report, precision and bias sections carefully before conducting any test.



  • Select the most appropriate test procedure based on the objectives, scope, and budget of your test program. Consult with the engineer in charge of the foundation design for approval.



  • Follow the instructions, requirements, and recommendations of Astm D 1143 07.pdf strictly. Do not deviate, delete, or add anything unless approved by the engineer.



  • Use proper equipment, materials, and personnel for conducting the test. Ensure that they are calibrated, certified, and qualified according to Astm D 1143 07.pdf or other relevant standards.



  • Record all data, observations, and measurements accurately and clearly during the test. Use appropriate units, symbols, and formats for reporting.



  • Analyze and interpret the test results with caution and expertise. Consider the effects of factors such as soil conditions, loading rate, creep, and consolidation on the test results. Compare the test results with other data sources such as soil borings, geophysical tests, or analytical methods.



Common mistakes and pitfalls to avoid when using Astm D 1143 07.pdf




Some common mistakes and pitfalls to avoid when using Astm D 1143 07.pdf are:


  • Using an outdated or incomplete version of Astm D 1143 07.pdf. Always check that you have downloaded the latest edition from a reliable source.



  • Using a different standard or method for testing deep foundations under static axial compressive load without justification or approval. Always follow Astm D 1143 07.pdf unless otherwise specified by the engineer.



  • Using an inappropriate test procedure for your test program objectives, scope, or budget. Always select the most suitable test procedure based on your needs and resources.



  • Using faulty, uncalibrated, or unqualified equipment, materials, or personnel for conducting the test. Always ensure that they meet the standards and specifications of Astm D 1143 07.pdf or other relevant standards.



  • Misrecording, misreporting, or misinterpreting the test data, observations, or measurements. Always record, report, and interpret them accurately and clearly according to Astm D 1143 07.pdf or other relevant standards.



  • Ignoring or overlooking the effects of factors such as soil conditions, loading rate, creep, and consolidation on the test results. Always consider them when analyzing and interpreting the test results.



Conclusion




Astm D 1143 07.pdf is a standard document that provides minimum requirements and procedures for testing deep foundations under static axial compressive load. It applies to all types of deep foundations that function in a manner similar to driven piles or cast-in-place piles. It can help you assess the capacity, load response, deflection, side shear resistance, end bearing, and creep settlement of deep foundations under static axial compressive load.


To get Astm D 1143 07.pdf for free, you can either download it from the official website by paying a fee or subscribing to a membership plan, or download it from third-party sources by risking quality, security, or legality issues. To use Astm D 1143 07.pdf effectively, you need to follow some tips and best practices such as reading it carefully before conducting any test, selecting the most appropriate test procedure based on your objectives, scope, and budget, following its instructions strictly without deviation unless approved by an engineer etc., as well as avoid some common mistakes and pitfalls such as using an outdated or incomplete version of Astm D 1143 07.pdf etc.. By doing so, you can ensure that you get reliable information on testing deep foundations under static axial compressive load. Frequently Asked Questions




Q: What is ASTM International? A: ASTM International is an organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus standards for various materials, products, systems, and services. Q: What is static axial compressive load? A: Static axial compressive load is a load that acts along the axis of a deep foundation element in a downward direction. Q: What are some examples of deep foundations? A: Some examples of deep foundations are piles, drilled shafts, caissons, micropiles, helical piles, and piers. Q: How many test procedures does Astm D 1143 07.pdf allow? A: Astm D 1143 07.pdf allows seven test procedures: Procedure A: Quick Test; Procedure B: Maintained Test; Procedure C: Loading in Excess of Maintained Test; Procedure D: Constant Time Interval Test; Procedure E: Constant Rate of Penetration Test; Procedure F: Constant Movement Increment Test; Procedure G: Cyclic Loading Test. Q: How much does it cost to download Astm D 1143 07.pdf from the official website? A: The cost varies depending on the type and format of the document you want to download. For example, as of May 2021 the cost for downloading Astm D 1143 07.pdf as a PDF file is $58 USD. Q: What are some factors that affect the test results of deep foundations under static axial compressive load? A: Some factors that affect the test results are soil conditions, loading rate, creep, and consolidation. Soil conditions include the type, strength, stiffness, and moisture content of the soil. Loading rate refers to the speed at which the load is applied to the foundation. Creep is the gradual increase in deformation of the foundation under constant load. Consolidation is the reduction in volume and increase in density of the soil due to drainage of pore water under load. Q: How can I interpret the test results of deep foundations under static axial compressive load? A: You need to consult with a qualified geotechnical engineer who can analyze and interpret the test results based on your specific project requirements and site conditions. The engineer can use various methods such as load-displacement curves, load-settlement curves, load-transfer curves, failure criteria, bearing capacity equations, settlement equations, etc. to predict the actual performance and adequacy of deep foundations under static axial compressive load. Q: What are some applications of deep foundations under static axial compressive load? A: Deep foundations under static axial compressive load are used to support various structures such as bridges, buildings, offshore structures, retaining walls, dams, towers, monuments, etc. They are also used to improve the stability and performance of existing foundations or slopes. Q: What are some alternatives to Astm D 1143 07.pdf for testing deep foundations under static axial compressive load? A: Some alternatives to Astm D 1143 07.pdf are other standards or methods developed by different organizations or countries such as ISO 22477-1:2018 Geotechnical investigation and testing - Testing of geotechnical structures - Part 1: Deep foundations - Static tension and compression tests; BS EN 1536:2010 Execution of special geotechnical work - Bored piles; AS 2159-2009 Piling - Design and installation; etc. However, you should always check with the engineer in charge of the foundation design before using any alternative standard or method. ed



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